Food Colorings maximum levels are going to change

Commission Regulation (EU) 232/2012 (link) establishes new maximum levels for some food colorings, amending the Annex II to Regulation (EC) No 1333/2008. These changes will involve the following dyes: Quinoline Yellow (E 104), Sunset Yellow FCF/ Orange Yellow S (E 110) and Ponceau 4R, Cochineal Red A (E 124). The  Regulation will apply from 1 June 2013, but food containing these 3 colorings that have been lawfully placed on the market before 1 June 2013 but that do not comply with the provisions of this Regulation, may continue to be marketed until stocks are exhausted.

The reductions in maximum levels mirror the reduced Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) levels set by EFSA.. and are quite significant.

Several food products are affected. Regarding food supplements the new maximum levels are listed below:

FS supplied in a solid form

E104 from 300 mg/kg to 35 mg/kg
E110 from 300 mg/kg to 10 mg/kg
E124 from 300 mg/kg to 35 mg/kg

FS supplied in a liquid form

E104 from 100 mg/kg to 10 mg/kg
E110 from 100 mg/kg to 10 mg/kg
E124 from 100 mg/kg to 10 mg/kg

FS supplied in a syrup-type or chewable form

Maximum level for all of them is 10 mg/kg (previously not established).

Food businesses should be aware of the changes, and ensure their suppliers are also reformulating in line with the new specifications. It should be noted that in the United States the maximum levels for E110 are not affected (it can be used according to GMPs); E104 and E124 are not permitted in the United States.
– Sport Nutrition Team –


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